On day one of the Winter Meetings, a controversy was re-hashed and quick player laundry lists unfurled. On day two, the news out of the Oakland A’s camp in San Diego came to a nice halt.“It’s pretty slow,” Vice president of baseball operations Billy Beane said on Tuesday with reporters. “We don’t have a lot. It seems like a lot of the air is filled with free agent talk. You guys are here, too. So it’s a bit slow. But I think that’s a function of us not having to re-invent ourselves at these …
The public defection from Darwinism by Yale computer science professor David Gelernter made waves. He said in an interview with Daniel Robinson that he had not suffered any persecution from his colleagues so far, but based on what he knows from others’ testimonies, Gelernter warned that “they will destroy you” if you leave the Darwin camp. That’s because it’s a religion to them, he added. Nevertheless, there have been others, as Evolution News reports today: Wolfe, Shapiro, Prager, Nagel among them. Matti Leisola is another. Will a critical mass be reached that will make it easier for others to jump ship? Maybe if the Darwin ship keeps taking on water and is about to sink scientifically, others will rush to the lifeboats.Bacteria contradict Darwin: Survival of the friendliest (University of Copenhagen) Evolutionists in Denmark are not abandoning Darwin, but they were intrigued to observe that bacteria don’t behave like the Bearded Buddha thought they would. They cooperate! Bacteria will even help members of other species, these researchers discovered to their surprise. The announcement was echoed by Science Daily. Rather than fight, bacteria will work shoulder to shoulder against an environmental threat:New microbial research at the Department of Biology reveals that bacteria would rather unite against external threats, such as antibiotics, rather than fight against each other. The report has just been published in the scientific publication ISME Journal. For a number of years the researchers have studied how combinations of bacteria behave together when in a confined area. After investigating many thousands of combinations it has become clear that bacteria cooperate to survive and that these results contradict what Darwin said in his theories of evolution.“In the classic Darwinian mindset, competition is the name of the game. The best suited survive and outcompete those less well suited. However, when it comes to microorganisms like bacteria, our findings reveal the most cooperative ones survive,” explains Department of Biology microbiologist, Professor Søren Johannes Sørensen.It’s a pretty bold step for any academic science site to say Darwin was wrong about anything. Their scientific paper is a little more reserved so as not to cause a disturbance: “Deciphering links between bacterial interactions and spatial organization in multispecies biofilms” is the title, and the Abstract avoids mentioning Darwin.Other science news reports, while not explicitly contradicting Darwin, show non-Darwinian mechanisms at work in biological change.Tea and banana plants have been genetically modified by bacteria (New Scientist). Agricultural scientists have known about Agrobacterium for some time; the bacterial species infects many plants with its own genes and causes them to emit certain chemicals. Scientists have used “nature’s genetic engineer” to transport designed genes into plants for GMO foods. What the scientists didn’t know, this article says, is that Agrobacterium’s changes are heritable. One of the scientists sees a non-Darwinian mechanism at work:Because the genes inserted into plants by Agrobacterium can produce big changes, Otten thinks this process could drive the evolution of new plant species. His research suggests that tobacco plants have been modified by Agrobacterium several times in the past few million years, and these events seem to have coincided with the emergence of new species.Like we saw with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, sharing of existing genetic information may be a primary mechanism for adaptation. This contradict’s Darwin’s picture that selection of random variations caused all the diversity of life.Infection by Agrobacterium isn’t the only way that transgenic organisms can be created naturally. Viruses often move genes between species. For instance, monarch butterflies have acquired genes from wasps in this way, and gonorrhoea bacteria have some human DNA inside them.It has also been discovered that the horticultural process of grafting different plants together can lead to the exchange of genes, meaning humans have inadvertently been creating transgenic plants for millennia. From genome studies, we can see that gene swapping has been going on since the dawn of life.Such ideas not only contradict Darwin’s view, they comport with creationist views of biology. Information gets passed around, but it doesn’t originate from gibberish. The concept of genetic sharing also calls into question the moyboy timeline. Genes can be passed around rapidly. No longer must biologists depend on vast ages to allow time for improbable events to occur by chance.Private property, not productivity, precipitated Neolithic agricultural revolution (Science Daily). Evolutionary biologists have long been baffled by the sudden rise of agriculture about 11,500 years ago (in the evolutionary timeline). Some at the Santa Fe Institute are deciding on a very non-Darwinian cause: early people thought about it. They reasoned that even though hunting and gathering produced short-term benefits, they would all prosper better if they respected one another’s property. Jung-Kyoo Choi, an economist at Kyungpook National University in South Korea, says:Farming initially succeeded because it facilitated a broader application of private property rights, not because it lightened the toil of making a living.If these scientists had been operating under the “classic Darwinian mindset,” they would have been looking for natural selection acting on mutations for larger brains. Unguided chance—the Stuff Happens Law—contradicts the idea of reasoned thought.Did you catch the sophoxymoronic phrase, “Darwinian mindset”?When the Darwin hot air balloon falls, scientists can once again have their feet on the ground instead of their heads in the clouds.Credit: J.B. Greene (Visited 660 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 More findings contradict Darwinian principles. When will scientists jump his sinking ship?
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LATEST STORIES Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd PLAY LIST 02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd00:50Trending Articles01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City After that little spurt, UST would then give up three straight points due to errors for a 13-8 La Salle lead.Tin Tiamzon then, put the Lady Spikers on match point, 14-8, before a team block against Rondina sealed the win.READ: ‘Before there was Alyssa, now there’s Rondina’Rondina scored a game-high 28 points and the energetic Cebuana said all her efforts, despite going down the drain following the loss, were for UST.“What I did, I did it for UST,” said Rondina who is in her fourth year in the league. “I wanted to prove this since my first year because when I got to UST I said that I won’t ever let the school down.”ADVERTISEMENT And she’s just getting started. View comments Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH MOST READ Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER/netFor all the guts and determination University of Santo Tomas showed in its five-set match against De La Salle, it still wasn’t enough as the defending champion still walked out of Mall of Asia Arena with the victory.The Golden Tigresses managed to push the Lady Spikers to their limits in their epic five-setter in the opening day of the UAAP Season 80 women’s volleyball tournament but La Salle ultimately held on for a 25-20, 17-25, 25-22, 15-25, 15-8 victory.ADVERTISEMENT AFP official booed out of forum Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC READ: La Salle outlasts UST in thrillerCherry Rondina said UST failed to display the composure needed to take the win in such a closely-contested game.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“We need that attitude where we would really want to win the game especially if it was that close,” said Rondina in Filipino.When La Salle raced to a 10-5 lead in the fifth set, UST answered with three straight points to cut the lead to 10-8 but that proved to be the Golden Tigresses’ last hoorah. Read Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Gassiev knocks out Dorticos in cruiserweight unification bout
Jamshedpur, Jan 9 (PTI) Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha today urged Tata Steel and its associate companies to make use of drones to solve urban problems.Addressing a gathering as the chief guest in the City Data For India Conclave 2018 – Smart City Initiatives organized jointly by Tata Steel, Tata Trust, Jusco and CII at JRD Tata sports complex here, Sinha said drones are the next big thing as its applications are extraordinary.Drones have varied applications in delivery, transportation, security/surveillance, he said and added that Tata Steel should work on it and develop it as a future industry like it did while setting up the steel plant here.”Drone technology can be utilized to solve many problems and Tata Steel should work on it and start implementing it from their home town here before following it up in other parts of the state and country,” Sinha said.Referring to the steep fall in air fare, which was as low as the fare of an autorickshaw per kilometer, Sinha said cost of air ticket from Ranchi to Delhi, or Delhi to Mumbai is almost equal to the fare of an autorickshaw at Rs 4-5 per km.Sinha said Tata Steel and Tata Motors have efficient management structure and efficient engineers and asked them to figure out whether E-rickshaw with drone technology can be operated in an urban environment.Sinha assured that the government was ready to partner with the Tatas in this regard.Later, addressing a press conference, he said the government was preparing a draft on drone regulation.advertisementHailing the tremendous work done by Tata Steel in addressing urban problems in Jamshedpur, Sinha said the company did exemplary work in improving traffic system and solid waste management, among others. PTI BS JM
When I was a kid, I hated the Pittsburgh Steelers. I still do to a certain extent. They always seem to beat the Cincinnati Bengals and the Cleveland Browns, sometimes in the most heartbreaking ways imaginable. I remember when Steelers quarterback Ben Roethlisberger came very close to losing his own life in June of 2006 when he was involved in an ugly motorcycle accident. Luckily, Roethlisberger survived the crash, but I was not about to send my condolences to the quarterback of the Steelers. I was mad that he didn’t die that day. I thought with Roethlisberger out of the picture, maybe the Bengals and the Browns could finally break through and win a championship. I realize now that comments such as those are insensitive. Wishing death upon someone is cold and heartless. I could use the “excuse” that I was young and didn’t know any better, but, nevertheless, I accept the fact that I used a very poor choice of words. Apparently, I’m not the only one who wishes death to well-known athletes. Last weekend, Scott Torgerson, host of the popular sports talk radio show “Common Man and the Torg” here in Columbus, made a similar comment. Torgerson, who professes his Buckeye fandom on a daily basis, along with his extreme distaste for everything involving the Michigan Wolverines, tweeted this about former Heisman trophy winner and current ESPN college football analyst Desmond Howard: “I wish Desmond Howard would get fired or die so I can watch Gameday again.” Now, I know that Ohioans, fans of the Scarlet and Gray, are bred to hate that School up North. Lord knows that image of Howard striking the Heisman pose against the Buckeyes makes any Ohio State fan cringe. However, there is a fine line between being passionate and letting that passion overtake you. That is what happened to Torgerson. He deleted the tweet and apologized for his comment, tweeting, “My Desmond Howard tweet was a joke. I think if you listen to the show you know that. My apologies to those who took it seriously. Total Joke.” My question to Torgerson is this: How is wishing someone would die a joke? I recently went to the funeral of the brother of one of my best friends from high school. Believe me, death is no laughing matter. Since this infamous tweet, Torgerson has been suspended from the airwaves indefinitely. The lesson to take from this is do not let your fandom cloud your overall judgment as a human being. There is more to life than spending every waking moment hating someone just because they beat your favorite team. I learned this lesson when I was young. Unfortunately, there are some people in this world like Torgerson who didn’t get the message until it was too late. Think before you say it. Think before you tweet it. Think before it is too late to fix.
Right-back player Fabio Borini says he is prepared to shine as a ‘star’ for Milan after affirming he has “proved worthy” of the Rossoneri shirt and that he is won’t be leaving to nowhere.Borini entered Milan from Sunderland last summer and ever since has become a jack-of-all-trades for the Diavolo. He has made 44 appearances in his usual striking position, out wide and even at right-back. On speaking about his future in Milan, he told Gazzetta Dello Sport via Football Italia that he is ready to become a star for Milan.“My balance sheet for the past season is absolutely positive,” he said.“The expectations for me weren’t very high, but I think I proved to be worthy of the Milan shirt.“I think I did good things, despite not playing in my natural role most of the time. I’d like to play and not be just a pawn.Serie A Betting: Match-day 3 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Considering there is a number of perfect starts so early in the Serie A season, as well as a few surprisingly not-so perfect ones….“I plan to carve out a starring role. I’m not at Milan just to hole up for the winter but to get back to playing regularly.“I’m waiting for revenge with Juventus in the Supercopa. Playing in the first half of August could benefit us, if the Coach doesn’t kill us in preseason…“My dream is to win a trophy with this shirt, and the Supercoppa would be an excellent start to more important ones.“Exodus at Milan? For me, certainly not. Generally speaking, I don’t think so. [UEFA] could be a situation that brings us even closer together.“After that, excuse me but where would I run to? We’re at Milan after all…”
The Scottish team can come back to a UEFA competition after eight years without playing in one, but they need to beat Russian club Ufa at homeThe last time Rangers was in a European competition was eight years ago, but the Scottish team can change everything tomorrow.According to a report by The Scotsman, Steven Gerrard has urged his team to make history and win against Russian club Ufa at home this Thursday.“I wouldn’t say it’s the biggest game in our history because the history at Rangers is so big. The club has played in many games which have created our history for us,” he says.“It’s our responsibility to try to help that and to add to that. We have a responsibility to try to bring European football back.”Owen reveals why Liverpool didn’t offer Gerrard a new contract Manuel R. Medina – September 6, 2019 According to Owen, the Reds wanted to sell Gerrard two years before he left the club and that’s why they didn’t offer him a contract renewal.“The journey we have been on has been about this moment,” he added.“We’ve worked so hard and put a lot of effort in to get this chance, I just hope the players seize this moment.”“I want them to play relaxed and play the way they have done in the previous seven games,” he commented.“We’ve had massive occasions against Skhupi, Osijek and Maribor and the players have done ever so well.”
For the former Gunners midfielder, the English Premier League team is wasting its opportunities by not signing anybody during the transfer window.Arsenal has not spent a dime during the January transfer window in the English Premier League.But the team might need a player or two, as they are currently in the sixth position of the table with 47 points 15 points behind leaders Liverpool.For former Gunners midfielder Emmanuel Petit, Arsenal not getting any new footballers during the January transfer market window is a wasted opportunity.“The frustration level must be very high for Emery, as in only his second transfer window as Arsenal manager he was told he cannot sign anybody,” Petit was quoted by Sky Sports.“You look at the money Manchester United, Liverpool, and Manchester City spend and unless you join them and put the cash on the table to compete for the best players, you are going nowhere.”Not the end to the weekend we were all hoping for 😔But, there’s still another 13 @PremierLeague games to go – let’s dust ourselves down, regroup and we’ll go again at Huddersfield 👊#WeAreTheArsenal 🔴 pic.twitter.com/gTSzRMuDks— Arsenal FC (@Arsenal) February 3, 2019Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“Tottenham are not spending money but they are in the position Arsenal were in a few years ago, building a stadium, but there is no excuse for Arsenal now,” he complained.“If you sack Arsene Wenger and then say to the guy who replaces him ‘you have no money to spend on new players’, I would ask; what was the point of sacking Wenger in the first place?”“Defensively, Arsenal have not been good enough this season, so I was surprised they did not try to sign defenders in January. But the problems they have will not be solved by signing a player or two,” he continued.“Clearly, the defense is a problem. The better teams are getting through them far too easily, and when I hear Emery say he is happy with his defense and he does not need new players in these positions, I’m pretty sure he does not believe this.”💥 B A N G 💥Well done to @LacazetteAlex – you’ve voted his fine finish against @ChelseaFC as our January Goal of the Month 💫 pic.twitter.com/YKedat9Wfx— Arsenal FC (@Arsenal) February 5, 2019
More information: Nectar uptake in bats using a pumping-tongue mechanism, Science Advances 25 Sep 2015: Vol. 1, no. 8, e1500525, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500525AbstractMany insects use nectar as their principal diet and have mouthparts specialized in nectarivory, whereas most nectar-feeding vertebrates are opportunistic users of floral resources and only a few species show distinct morphological specializations. Specialized nectar-feeding bats extract nectar from flowers using elongated tongues that correspond to two vastly different morphologies: Most species have tongues with hair-like papillae, whereas one group has almost hairless tongues that show distinct lateral grooves. Recent molecular data indicate a convergent evolution of groove- and hair-tongued bat clades into the nectar-feeding niche. Using high-speed video recordings on experimental feeders, we show distinctly divergent nectar-feeding behavior in clades. Grooved tongues are held in contact with nectar for the entire duration of visit as nectar is pumped into the mouths of hovering bats, whereas hairy tongues are used in conventional sinusoidal lapping movements. Bats with grooved tongues use a specific fluid uptake mechanism not known from any other mammal. Nectar rises in semiopen lateral grooves, probably driven by a combination of tongue deformation and capillary action. Extraction efficiency declined for both tongue types with a similar slope toward deeper nectar levels. Our results highlight a novel drinking mechanism in mammals and raise further questions on fluid mechanics and ecological niche partitioning. Scientists have seen many examples of animals that lap up liquid in many different ways, they have also seen examples of animals that are able to suck water right out of a river, but until now, there has never been a documented sighting of a an animal that is able to pull a liquid against gravity, using a pumping-mechanism.Intrigued as to how Costa Rican Orange Nectar Bats pull nectar from plants, the team set up a high-speed video camera next to a test tube with a clear liquid meant to serve as nectar and recorded several of them in action. In studying the video, the researchers discovered that the bat lowered its tongue into the liquid and then simply held it there while the liquid miraculously made its way up the tongue and into the mouth. Closer examination showed that the tongue had two grooves (which were open to the air) along its length and that tiny muscles appeared to be undulating along the sides of the groves as the liquid was pulled up—serving as a pumping mechanism of some sort. Explore further Hummingbird tongues are tiny pumps that spring open to draw in nectar (Phys.org)—A trio of researchers affiliated with the University of Ulm in Germany and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama has found that one species of bat has a method of collecting nectar that has never been seen before in any other animal. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the team describes how they discovered the unique eating method using high speed cameras, and their theories on how it works. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Play Author Marco Tschapka describes the unusual way some bats use their tongues to obtain nectar. Credit: AAAS/ Carla Schaffer Journal information: Science Advances Play Tongue of Lonchophylla. robusta at near-maximum extension (detail, lateral view). Credit: Tschapka, Gonzalez-Terrazas, Knörnschild Sci. Adv. 2015;1:e1500525 The researchers cannot say for sure what is going on, but suspect two forces are at work: capillary action and muscle force. They believe it is likely the liquid is held in the grooves by capillary action, and that the tiny muscles somehow force the liquid to move upwards, against gravity—sort of like allowing one end of a sponge to rest in water while continuously wringing out the water that is pulled into other parts. The result is an odd, unique and efficient means for drawing nectar from a flower. They note that the unique physiology of the mouth suggests that the bats evolved their way of eating independently of other species. The pumping tongue nectar-feeding bat Lonchophylla robusta visiting a bromeliad flower. Credit: M. Tschapka/University of Ulm PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen © 2015 Phys.org Citation: Bat species found to have tongue pump to pull in nectar (2015, September 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-09-species-tongue-nectar.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.